This Report has been written collaboratively, drawing on insights and contributions from a range of Commissioners and their organizations. It has been compiled and edited by the chief editor and co-author, Phillippa Biggs of ITU. Ivan Vallejo-Vall provided statistical support and data. Design concepts were developed by Ahone Njume-Ebong, Lili Gao, Laurent Ducrettet and Maynard Adea of ITU, with support from Simon de Nicola. Pierre Antoine, Dominika Ornatowska and Anna Polomska kindly assisted with research for Annex 1. We should especially like to thank Colin Mitchell and Bastiaan Quast for their review and comments. Contributions are listed in order, and under their contribution. We wish to thank the following people for their kind review (by alphabetical order of institution, followed by alphabetical order of surname):

• Bharti Airtel;

• Patrik Cerwall, Matilda Gennvi Gustafsson and Heather Johnson from Ericsson;

• Lars-Erik Forsberg and Hanna Henrikus from the European Commission and Luukas Ilves, Katarzyna Jakimowicz and Stephanie Lepczynski from the Lisbon Council;

• Chris Hemmerlein of Facebook;

• Robert Kirkpatrick, Miguel Luengo-Oroz, Mila Romanoff, Josiane Toundzi Dzouankeu and Felicia Vacarelu of UN Global Pulse;

• Lauren Dawes, Belinda Exelby, Joss Gillet, Natalia Pshenichnaya, Kyla Reid, Edele Sheehan & Claire Sibthorpe of GSMA;

• Ivan Huang of Huawei;

• Leong Keng Thai and Angela Wibawa of Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA);

• Jennifer Esposito from Intel;

• Stephen Spengler of Intelsat;

• Piotr Dmochowski-Lipski and and Estelle Schnitzler of EUTELSAT IGO;

• Renata Brazil-David and Patrick Masambu of ITSO;

• Phillippa Biggs, Youlia Lozanova and Ahone Njume-Ebong of ITU;

• Dr. Speranza Ndege of Kenyatta University;

• Yina Ha, Byungki Oh and Ilbum of KT Corp.;

• Paul Mitchell of Microsoft;

• Barry French, Brahim Ghribi, Elizabeth Rojas-Levi and Marc Vancoppenolle of Nokia;

• Dr. Ann Aerts of the Novartis Foundation;

• Anne Carblanc, Sam Paltridge and Lorrayne Porciuncula of the OECD;

• Philipp Metzger, Nicolas Rollier and Raphael Scherrer of the Swiss regulator OFCOM;

• Fatima Sultan Al-Kuwari and Ali Hamad Hassan Al Sulaiti of Ooredoo;

• Patrick Nyirishema and Janet Umutesi of the Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority (RURA);

• Minah Ali Rahore, Sohaib Arshad, Melle Groenestege and Tomas Lamanauskas of VEON;

• Andrew Arowojolu and Jennifer Suleiman of Zain Group.


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