List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

AI Artificial Intelligence
AR Augmented Reality
ARPU Average Revenue Per User
B2B Business to Business
B2C Business to Consumer
CAGR Compounded Annual Average Growth Rate
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
DAU Daily Active Users
DFID UK Department for International Development
EIU Economist Intelligence Unit
FCS FundaciĆ³n Carlos Slim/Carlos Slim Foundation
FTTC Fibre-To-The-Cabinet
FTTH Fibre-To-The-Home
FTTS Fibre-To-The-Street
G2C Government to Citizen
GB Gigabyte
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GNI Gross National Income
GSMA GSM Association
HTS High-Throughput Satellite (satellite system)
ICT Information and Communication Technology

IIOT Industrial Internet of Things
IFC International Finance Corporation
IoT Internet of Things
IMF International Monetary Fund
ITSO International Telecommunication Satellite Organization
ITU International Telecommunication Union
LDCs Least Developed Countries
LMC Last Mile Connectivity
LMICs Low- and Middle-Income Countries
LEO Low Earth Orbit
M2M Machine To Machine
MAU Monthly Active Users
MLC Media Literacy Council (of Singapore)
MNOs Mobile Network Operators
MSMEs Micro-, Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises
MVNOs Mobile Virtual Network Operators
NBP National Broadband Plan
NCDs Non-Communicable Diseases
NGSO Non-Geostationary Satellite Orbit
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OSP Online service providers
OTT Over The Top (or OSPs)
QoE Quality of Experience
QoS Quality of Service
RoW Right of Way
SMEs Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises
SDGs Sustainable Development Goals
TCO Total Cost of Ownership
UAS Universal access and service
UHC Universal Health Coverage
UNHCR The UN Refugee Agency
USAID United States Agency for International Development
VNI Visual Networking Index