3G Third generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology 4G Fourth generation 5G Fifth generation A4AI Alliance for Affordable Internet AI Artificial Intelligence AIM ASEAN ICT Masterplan APG Asia-Pacific Gateway (cable) ASEAN Association for Southeast Asian Nations BIS Bank of International Settlements BWA Broadband Wireless Access CAGR Compounded Annual Average Growth Rate CAPEX Capital expenditure CATV Cable television CDN Content delivery network CIS Commonwealth of Independent States COVID-19 Coronavirus disease CRM Customer relationship management EBS Educational Broadband Service EO Earth Observation ERP Enterprise resource planning EUTELSAT IGO European Telecommunications Satellite Organization FAS Financial Access Surveys FCS Fundación Carlos Slim/Carlos Slim Foundation FTTH Fiber-To-The-Home FWA Fixed Wireless Access G20 Group of Twenty GAML Global Alliance to Monitor Learning GB Gigabyte Gbps Gigabyte per second GDP Gross Domestic Product GEPP Global Epidemic Prevention Platform GNI Gross National Income GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System GPON Gigabit Passive Optical Networks GSMA GSM Association HAPS High Altitude Platform Station HIC high-income country HTS High-Throughput Satellite (satellite system) ICT Information and Communication Technology IFC International Finance Corporation IGO Intergovernmental organization IoT Internet of Things IMF International Monetary Fund ISP Internet Service Provider ITSO International Telecommunication Satellite Organization ITU International Telecommunication Union LDCs Least Developed Countries LLDCs Landlocked Development Countries LMICs Low- and Middle-Income Countries LTE Long-Term Evolution Mbps Megabytes per second MDG Millennium Development Goals MNOs Mobile Network Operators MSMEs Micro-, Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises NBP National Broadband Plan NBPD National Broadband Plan for Development NGO Non-governmental organization NGN Next-generation network OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OTNx Open Transport Networks OTT Over The Top (or OSPs) PoP Point of Presence PPP Purchasing power parity, in USD RAM Random-access memory RCT Randomized controlled trials RoW Right of Way RPL Recognition of prior learning schemes RT-PCR Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction SAMENA Subcontinent, Asia, Middle East and North Africa SEDA Sustainable Economic Development Assessment SDGs Sustainable Development Goals SIDS Small Island Developing States SIM Subscriber identity module or subscriber identification module SMEs Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises SMS short message service SSA Sub-Saharan Africa Tbps Terabyte per second UAS Universal access and service UCC Uganda Communications Commission UN United Nations UNCDF United Nations Capital Development Fund UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNDP United National Development Programme UNECA United Nations Economic Commission for Africa UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNICEF United Nationals Children’s Fund USAID United States Agency for International Development USD United States Dollar USF Universal service funds VAT Value-added tax VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol